The History of CoffeeOld Cafe Sign

Have you ever sipped your coffee and wondered how did this beverage propagate?

Around 900 AD, Arabs planted a coffee plant which resulted in the limited reproduction for the next 700 years.

During the 15th century, the coffee plants from Ethiopia were transported to Arabia to be grown, which resulted in the first coffee house called qahveh khanehs in Mecca.

During the 16th century, the first coffeehouse appeared in Constantinople (known as Instabul).

Coffee was being introduced slowly to Europe, country by country throughout the 16th and 17th century. By the end of the 17th century, coffeehouses were flourishing across Britain, the British colonies in America, and continental Europe.

During the end of the 17th century and into the 18th century, most of the coffee supply was limited to Yemen in Southern Arabia, but reproduction spread to Java, other islands of the Indonesian archipelago, America and the Hawaiian Islands.

Late 19th and early 20th century, industrial roasting and grinding machines came into use, vacuum-sealed containers were invested for round roasts; and decaffeination methods for green coffee beans were developed.

During the mid 20th century, the making of instant coffee was mastered. The greatest concentration of production was centered in the Western-Hemisphere – particularly Brazil. Brazil has become a large producer of soluble coffee powder, producing more than 27 million kg (60 million lb.) per year.

This leads us to the 21st century. The top three countries consuming coffee (from highest to lowest) are Netherlands with 260.4 liters per capita, Finland with 184.9 liters per capita, and Canada with 152.1 liters per capita. The top producers of coffee are Brazil, Vietnam, Indonesia and Columbia.

18th Century Coffee ShopOld Coffee Shop NYJKF Airport Coffee Shop in 1962