World's most prevalent disease

Osteo Arthritis

The common form of arthritis is osteoarthritis. It occurs because the cartilage begins to depreciate or disappear. Cartilage is a tissue that is elastic, it covers and protects the ends of joint bones. There are two types of osteoarthritis: primary and secondary. In primary osteoarthritis, which usually strikes older adults, the problems come from normal Secondary osteoarthritis results from chronic or sudden injury to a joint and can occur in any joint. Often, it can occur about 10 years after a sports injury to a joint, or it may result from repeated strain to a joint from an occupation or from being overweight.

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Rheumatoid Arthritis

Another type is rheumatoid arthritis (RA) that also creates inflammation in the joints and is considered very dangerous. It effects the immune system of the body and particularly targets the synovial membrane (specialized connective tissue) in the joints. But this type is not specific to joints only, it may affect the other organs of the body which may include eyes, heart or even lungs. Resultantly, there could be osteoporosis as well. It is also very important to note that there are few vulnerable categories of people who are at a greater risk of rheumatoid arthritis. These vulnerable groups may include women, a person with a family history of rheumatoid arthritis, people between the age od 30- 40, those who smoke.

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Juvenile Arthritis

Juvenile arthritis targets the persons up to the age of 1-14 years and there are very alarming figures provided by Statistics Canada that there are 5,616 Canadians fall under this category. This type of arthritis children experiences stiffness, pain, and swelling in joints and symptoms of rash, weight loss, fever or extreme fatigue are also observed. Juvenile arthritis is thus one of the most common chronic disease that targets children in Canada. For example, its severity can be judged by the fact that only in Quebec one in 1,000 children under the age od 16 are suffering from arthritis, as per report of the Quebec Arthritis Society.

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