Cancer

The Abnormal Cell

Different types of Treatments for Cancer

Surgery

Surgery is the oldest type of cancer treatment and is still active for many types of cancer treatment today. Surgery can be done to diagnose, remove all or some of a cancer, and the location of the cancer. It is also used to restore the body’s function or appearance and relieve side effects (Kingham, Casper, Corey, & Verna, p. e163).

Chemo Therapy

Chemotherapy is the use of drugs to destroy cancer cells. Normally, it works by keeping the cancer cells from growing and dividing. Since, cancer cells usually produce and divide faster than the normal cells. But medicine used for chemotherapy are strong, and they can cause damage to healthy cells. It is the only treatment for treating cancers of blood such as, leukemia and lymphomia (Kingham, Casper, Corey, & Verna, p. e162).

Radiation Therapy

Radiation therapy uses high-energy x-rays to destroy cancer cells. It targets cancer cells and slow tumor growth without causing the damage to the nearby cells. Sometimes, radiation therapy is recommended as first cancer treatment. When it is impossible to harm all the cancer, then doctors may use radiation therapy to shrink tumors and cure symptoms.

Hormonal Therapy

Hormonal therapy is a treatment that adds, blocks or removes hormones to slow or prohibit the growth of cancer cells that need hormones to grow. It is also known as different names like, hormone withdrawal therapy, hormone manipulation or endocrine therapy. It can be used as the main treatment or with other treatments. This therapy might be utilized before medical procedure to shrink the tumour so that radiation can be given to smaller areas.

Other treatment are clinical trials, targeted therapy including immunotherapy such as monoclonal antibody therapy.  There is currently no cure for cancer. However, successful treatment can make chances of remission and person’s outlook.

Top of Page