Down Syndrome

A Deeper look at Down Syndrome

Introduction

According to the National Down Syndrome Society, Down Syndrome occurs when a child is born with an extra chromosome. The extra chromosome causes delays in a child's mental and physical development. Physical characteristics and physiological issues associated with Down syndrome might differ greatly from one kid to the next. This extra genetic material disrupts the path of development, resulting in the Down Syndrome traits. Low muscle tone, tiny height, an upward slant to the eyes, and a single deep crease across the centre of the palm are some of the physical hallmarks of Down syndrome, however each person with Down syndrome is unique and may have these characteristics to varying degrees, or not at all.
     Down Syndrome is commonly defined as a condition caused by an extra copy of chromosome 21 and characterised by facial dysmorphology, a proportionately big tongue, poor muscular tone, short height, and intellectual incapacity.
    Obstructive sleep apnea, as well as vision and hearing difficulties, may be associated disorders. Receptive language frequently outnumbers production language, spatial memory is regarded to be superior to verbal memory, and global processing is thought to be superior to local processing. Adults with DS experience accelerated ageing and an increased risk of getting Alzheimer's disease. The DS brain is often described as growing reasonably normally during the first few months after birth 5, after which growth slows, with cerebral cortex regions being especially diminished.